As a rookie officer in the Cityburgh Police Department, you have been assigned to assist Sergeant Smith on three cases. You will be given a set of facts for each suspect and the title of the crime that Sergeant Smith suspects them of committing. You will need to research that crime and its elements and then apply those elements to the facts of the case to determine if the crime actually did occur. All of this analysis must be presented in a 2- to 3-page Microsoft Word document.
Last Thursday, an officer observed Able traveling at a high rate of speed down Main Street. The officer was able to determine that Able was going 20 miles over the posted speed limit. Upon stopping Able, the officer learned that the vehicle’s speedometer was broken and Able was aware that it did not function. Sergeant Smith believes that Able can be charged with reckless driving, under Code of Virginia § 46.2-862.
Within the last month, Baker has constructed a shooting range on his property. This was done with all proper permits and construction. He has taken to shooting at his range several days each week. One of Baker’s neighbors has an extreme aversion to loud noises. As a result of the sound of Baker’s shooting, he has become very agitated and experiences increased anxiety in his own home. A police report was filed by the neighbor without Baker being informed of the issue. Sergeant Smith believes that Baker can be charged with assault and possibly battery, under Code of Virginia § 18.2-57.
An officer brought Charlie in to the station after finding him sleeping on a park bench. Charlie admitted to being out drinking the night before and knowing that the park was closed at dusk. Sergeant Smith believes that Charlie can be charged with public intoxication, under Code of Virginia § 18.2-388.
For all three cases, be sure to focus your discussion on the act required by each crime, the intent needed to commit the crime, and any additional issues that may arise from strict liability, missing elements, or the various level of mens rea present.
Note: You can use the Internet to find information about the Virginia Legislative Information System and the specific codes.
Support your responses with examples. Cite any sources in APA format.